In contrast, severe violence includes acts for which the risk of permanent or serious injury is high.
While the distinction between severe and moderate violence is common in the research literature, it is important to remember that the injuries resulting from physical violence depend on many factors, including the vulnerability of the victim (e.g., disability or a prior history of abuse), the victim’s resilience, and the social support that he or she receives, including personal and wider social supports.
This includes assaults on partners who have been given “date rape” drugs such a Rohypnol (also known as roofies, roachies, La Rocha and The Forget Pill), G. B or gamma hydroxybutyrate (also known as Liquid Exctasy, Gib, Liquid E and Easy Lay), ketamine (also known as K, Ket and Special K) and MDMA — 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine (also known as Ecstasy, XTC, X and Bean).
Emotional or Psychological Abuse includes insulting or swearing at, belittling or threatening a dating partner.
Dating partners include both casual dates and individuals in long-term dating relationships.
All three forms of abuse — physical, sexual and emotional — can coexist, or the abuse can be characterized by any one of the three.